De Nicola, Enrico
- (1877–1959)President of Italy between 1946 and 1948, Enrico De Nicola was a figure of notable institutional standing in the final years of Italian liberalism. Politically close to Giovanni Giolitti, he was elected to Parliament for the first time in 1909. In June 1920, he became speaker of the Chamberof Deputies, a post he held until December 1923. Like many liberals, his attitude toward Fascism was equivocal. In 1924, he was included in the list of approved Fascist candidates by Mussolini, but shortly before the ballot he withdrew his nomination. Despite being nominated to the Senate in 1929, De Nicola played no political role during the Fascist period.De Nicola returned to active politics after the fall of Mussolini. In the spring of 1944, he resolved the crisis caused by the democratic parties’ reluctance to take part in the administration of Alliedoccupied Italy so long as Victor Emmanuel III retained the throne by suggesting that Prince Humbert should be made LieutenantGeneral of the Realm. This scheme paved the way for the creation of the first government of Ivanoe Bonomi in June 1944. De Nicola was subsequently elected president of the Republic by the Constitutional Assembly and oversaw the process of drawing up the Constitution of 1948. In that year, he was offered the opportunity to be postwar Italy’s first constitutionally elected head of state, but he stepped aside in favor of Luigi Einaudi. He was made a life member of the Senate. In 1951–1952, he was briefly president of the Senate and, in 1955, became president of the Constitutional Court, a post he held for two years. He died in his native Naples in 1959.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. Mark F. Gilbert & K. Robert Nilsson. 2007.
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Nicola, Enrico — ► (1877 1959) Político italiano. Fue presidente provisional de la República en 1948 … Enciclopedia Universal
Enrico de Nicola — Enrico Roberto De Nicola (* 9. November 1877 in Neapel, Italien; † 1. Oktober 1959 in Torre del Greco) war ein italienischer Jurist, Journalist und Politiker … Deutsch Wikipedia
Enrico De Nicola — 1st President of Italy In office 1 July 1946 – 12 May 1948 Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi … Wikipedia
Enrico De Nicola — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Enrico De Nicola Enrico De Nicola (Nápoles, 9 de noviembre de 1877 Torre del Greco, Nápoles, 1 de octubre de 1959) jurista, periodista y político liberal italiano. Fue presidente provisional de Italia entre 1946 y… … Wikipedia Español
Enrico De Nicola — Enrico Roberto De Nicola (* 9. November 1877 in Neapel, Italien; † 1. Oktober 1959 in Torre del Greco) war ein italienischer Jurist, Journalist und Politiker. Leben Der Rechtsanwalt De Nicola wurde … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nicola — Nicola, Enrico * * * (as used in expressions) Nicola di Lorenzo Enrico Nicola Mancini Pisano, Nicola … Enciclopedia Universal
Enrico De Nicola — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nicola. Enrico De Nicola Mandats … Wikipédia en Français
Enrico di Borgogna — Genre opéra semiseria Nb. d actes 2 Musique Gaetano Donizetti Livret Bartolomeo Merelli Langue originale Italien Sources littéraires Der Graf von Burgund ( … Wikipédia en Français
Enrico Golisciani — (25 December 1848 – 6 February 1919) was an Italian author, born in Naples. He is best known for his opera librettos, but also published a slim volume of verses for music, entitled Pagine d Album (Milano, Ricordi, 1885); many more of his poems… … Wikipedia
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